DISCUSSION: PHIL 347N Week 2 Critical Reasoning

DISCUSSION: PHIL 347N Week 2 Critical Reasoning

DISCUSSION: PHIL 347N Week 2 Critical Reasoning

Required Resources Read/review the following resources for this activity:


In 2012, Psychologist Heather Butler studied the importance that critical thinking plays in our everyday lives. “Critical thinking is not just the new buzzword in education. Critical thinking involves real outcomes that can be measured, predicted, and—perhaps for the negative life events—avoided” (Butler, 2012, p. 725).


In 2013, studies by Grossmann, Varnum, Kitayama, and Nisbett concluded that wise reasoning, rather than intelligence, was a predictor of well-being. In 2017, Dr. Butler and her colleagues, referencing the Grossmann study and based on their own research, determined that the ability to think critically was a better predictor of effective life decisions than was intelligence (Butler, Pentoney, & Bong, 2017).

Critical Reasoning Week 2 Discussion Initial Post Instructions

For the initial post, address the following:

Follow-Up Post Instructions

Respond to at least two peers or one peer and the instructor. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification. Look at your peers’ definitions. Do you agree with them? If yes, why, if no, why not?

Textbook: Chapter 1, 2, 3 Lesson Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)

Do you agree that wisdom/critical thinking is a better predictor of well-being than intelligence? To answer, you will have to define what the following terms mean for you:

Reflect on what you read in the text this week. Think of the people you know.

Critical thinking Wisdom Intelligence Well-being

Are the good people smart? Are the smart people good? How do you define “good”? How do you define “smart”? Can we use our intelligence to become “good”? If yes, how? If no, why not?

  • 7/8/20, 10:02 PM Page 1 of 24
  • Search entries or author

” Reply

Critical Reasoning Week 2 Discussion Writing Requirements

Grading This activity will be graded using the Discussion Grading Rubric. Please review the following link:

  • Course Outcomes (CO): 1, 7

Due Date for Initial Post: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Wednesday Due Date for Follow-Up Posts: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Sunday

Critical Reasoning Week 2 Discussion References

  • Butler,H.A. (2012, Sep/Oct). Halpern critical thinking assessment predicts real- world outcomes of critical thinking. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26(5), 721-729. 10.1002/acp.2851
  • Butler, H.A., Pentoney, C., & Bong, M. P. (2017). Predicting real-world outcomes: Critical thinking ability is a better predictor of life decisions than intelligence. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 25, 38-46. https://www.umass.edu/preferen/You%20Must%20Read%20This/ThinkingSkills.pdf
  • Grossmann, I., Na, J., Varnum, M.E.W., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R.E. (2013). A route to well-being: intelligence versus wise reasoning. Journal of Experiential Psychology: General, 142(3), 944–953. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3594053

Minimum of 3 posts (1 initial & 2 follow-up) Minimum of 2 sources cited (assigned readings/online lessons and an outside source) APA format for in-text citations and list of references

Link (webpage): Discussion Guidelines

Unread # $ % Subscribe

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/97891)Sonja Sheffield (Instructor) Jun 22, 2020


Greetings Students,

An examined life or a reflective life. . . the question is, is there a difference or are they the same? John Dewey (1909), Edward Glaser (1941), and Richard Paul (1993), each have a definition of critical thinking


7/8/20, 10:02 PM Page 2 of 24

Edited by Sonja Sheffield (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/97891) on Jul 7 at 4:46pm

” Reply & or critical reasoning. Consider each definition below and consider which best defines critical thinking/reasoning to you. Think about how this exhibits an examined life and answer this question in your post.

1) “Active, persistent, and careful consideration of a belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the grounds which support and the further conclusions to which it tends” (Dewey, 1909, p. 9).

2) According to Glaser (1941, p.5) critical thinking is as follows:

  • (1) An attitude of being disposed to consider. . .the problems and subjects that come within the range of one’s experience;
  • (2) knowledge of the methods of logical inquiry and reasoning; and
  • (3) some skill in applying those methods. Critical thinking calls for a persistent effort to examine any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the evidence that supports it and the further conclusions to which it tends.

3) Critical thinking is that mode of thinking – about any subject, content or problem – in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them. (Paul, Fisher and Nosich, 1993, p. 4).

Just consider the following

  • “If textbooks used more critical thinking exercises, students would learn the material better.” What do you suppose are the best arguments for and against this claim? You don’t need to take a position on this but by responding to the discussion this week, think about how to develop the strongest arguments possible for both sides.
  • Think about what additional information would you need to investigate, to ground each side’s arguments and solid facts? What assumptions about learning and schooling would you consider to make each side’s argument as strong as possible?

These are questions one needs to ask throughout the course.


You are only required to post an initial answer post and ONE follow-up post in each required discussion, each week.

Please make your TWO posts each week between Monday and Sunday. Your posts must occur on different days with the first post occurring by Wednesday. If there are extenuating circumstances, please communicate with your professor.

Critical Reasoning Week 2 Discussion References:

7/8/20, 10:02 PM Page 3 of 24

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/118358)Monica Hernandez (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/118358) Monday

” Reply &

Hello Professor and Class,

Critical thinking– The objective analysis and evaluation of an issue order form a judgement in known as critical thinking. ” The stronger our critical thinking skills and habits of mind, the greater our prospects for success, whatever the endeavor” (Facione pg 2).

Having good critical thinking skills helps one comprehend our own abilities and put our knowledge to the test to become victorious.

Wisdom- The ability to use one’s knowledge and being wise is termed as wisdom.

Intelligence- The ability to acquire the apply knowledge one has learned and skills.

Well-being- A good satisfactory condition of existence characterized by health, happiness and welfare.

Intelligence is more the ability to acquire knowledge but critical thinking is analyzing and evaluating a problem step by step and being able to find a solution.

According to the article 6 Critical Thinking Skills You Need to Master Now states “In fact, lacking such skills can truly make or break a person’s career, as the consequences of one’s inability to process and analyze information effectively can be massive” (Erstad 2018).

Acquiring is not as important or compulsive as critical thinking in a perspective in the healthcare field. Critical thinking skills are more important and a better predictor in a society.

Good is something which is morally the right thing to do. Smart is known to be a vigorous strength in something. Sometimes good people are smart bu not all smart people are good.


Critical Reasoning Week 2 Discussion References:

  • Erstad, W. (2018). 6 Critical Thinking Skills You Need to Master Now.
  • Facione, P. A., & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Think critically (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/97891)Sonja Sheffield (Instructor) Yesterday


Monica, thank you for your post for this week.

  • Chapter 1 shows a model of Bloom’s taxonomy – they are the steps to mastery of any learning endeavor and the basic components of critical reasoning. They have recently been simplified and reordered as follows: • Remember • Understand • Apply

7/8/20, 10:02 PM Page 4 of 24

” Reply &

• Analyze • Evaluate • Create

  • How do you think Bloom’s steps will apply to you as you pursue your career in the healthcare professions? How do you see yourself creating (the top of Blooms) in your current or nursing profession? Explain.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/154614)Jasmine Burgess (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/154614) Yesterday

” Reply &


Hi Monica,

  • I agree that intelligence and critical thinking are two difference characteristics that an individual may possess. I agree that intelligence is acquired knowledge and critical thinking is analyzing and evaluating a situation to help create a favorable outcome.
  • You gave me a different perspective regarding good people being smart but not all smart people are good. I can see your point of view being that you defined being smart as having skill according to certain things. Thanks for sharing

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/143371)Chloe Williams (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/143371) Monday